3.1 INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES

Federal Grid Companys investment activities are carried out in accordance with the investment program developed and adopted according to the requirements of the Russian Government's Resolution No. 977 On Investment Programs for Power Sector Entities (dated 1 December, 2009) for the five-year period.

Key Objectives and Tasks of Investment Activities:

  • Ensuring power output for power generating units of NPPs, HPPs and TPPs put into operation;
  • Ensuring the reliability of the UNEG operation;
  • Removing transmission constraints and creating possibilities for connecting additional consumer loads;
  • Maintaining the main electric grids in operating condition;
  • Realizing agreements concluded with regional authorities;
  • Creating technological infrastructure objects for the competitive market functioning of electricity and capacity;
  • Developing and introducing innovative technologies, materials, construction and power grid equipment, ensuring a higher quality of the UNEG operation;
  • Developing a technological management and communication system, IT technologies for upgrading the quality and operational efficiency of managing operations and creating conditions for the gradual transition to the Smart Grid.

The UNEG Development

The UNEG development is one of Federal Grid Companys priority tasks. Main directions of the UNEG development are determined by:

  • The general scheme of power industry object allocation till 2020 with an outlook till 2030;
  • Scheme and development program for the UES for the 2010-2016 period.

Electric grid development up to 2016 is aimed at ensuring the reliable and stable functioning of the UES of Russia and the competitive WECM , as well as a reliable power supply for consumers and ensuring capacity output for power plants.

The new technological platform for the UES of Russia, which is currently being developed the smart energy system with active adaptive grid (SES AAG) will ensure the leading role of the electric grid in providing reliable connections for generation and consumers and increase the quality of services. Active adaptive grid realization will occur via:

  • Systematically installing active technical equipment in the grid, providing an effect during the development of the energy system as a whole;
  • Implementing new information technology systems;
  • Using quick response programs to evaluate condition and management in online and offline regimes, including with electricity consumption;
  • Utilizing the adaptive system of centralized and local management in normal and emergency modes.

The UNEG Development Trends:

  • The development of 750-kV grids is foreseen in the European part of the UES of Russia;
  • 500-kV electricity transmission lines will be developed for capacity output at large power plants, including nuclear ones and strengthening the main grid in energy zones of the Center, South and mid-Volga Regions, as well as in the Urals, Siberia and the East, as well as for the development of intersystem communication;
  • 330-kV grid will continue to perform system-forming functions and ensure capacity output at large stations in the Western part of the Center energy zone, as well as in energy zones of the North-West and the South;
  • Main trends in 220-kV grid development will include strengthening distribution functions and ensuring power plants capacity output. 220-kV grids in the energy systems of Eastern Siberia, as well as in the energy systems of Arkhangelsk and Komi, will be system forming.

The principal forecast indicators for commissioning electric grid facilities based on the Scheme and program for developing the UES of Russia for the 2010-2016 period, in the context of the Interconnected Energy Systems (IES) and the UES of Russia

IES of the East km MVA MVAR
220 kV 7 747,1 4 814 200
500 kV 1 097,3 668 900
IES of Siberia
220 kV 2 626,5 9 787 3 784
500 kV 2 401,9 11 387 4 560
IES of the North-West
220 kV 1 576,8 1 266 -
330 kV 2 367,2 7 380 180
750 kV 558,0 3 000 1 320
IES of the mid-Volga
220 kV 1 394,5 1 425 -
500 kV 1 945,6 5 959 2 160
IES of the South
220 kV 1 090,2 7 490 488
330 kV 939,0 2 132 384
500 kV 2 480,6 5 076 2 520
IES of the Urals
220 kV 5 264,0 9 584 -
500 kV 1 522,0 10 277 1 130
IES of the Center
220 kV 1 660,9 32 751 -
330 kV - 600 -
500 kV 896,8 16 012 540
750 kV 285,0 3 753 660
Total, including 35 883,4 133 361 18 826
220 kV 21 360,0 67 117 4 472
330 kV 3 306,2 10 112 564
500 kV 10 344,2 49 379 11 810
750 kV; 873,0 6 753 1 980

2010 Investment

In 2010 the actual volume of investment performed by the Company totaled RUR 167,031 million.

In 2010 the Company activated production capacities at 52 objects.

Key Objects Launched in 2010:

East Region:

Within the Federal Target Program for Economic and Social Development of the Russian Far East and Trans-Baikal up to 2013 the following facilities were launched:

  • Neryungrinskaya GRES Nizhniy Kuranakh 220-kV high voltage line with a length of 275 km;
  • Artemovskaya TPP Vladivostok 220-kV high voltage line with a length of 220 km;
  • 220-kV Aeroport substation with 220-kV high voltage approach lines with a transformer capacity of 225 MVA, approach line length is 211 km;

Introducing these objects upgraded the reliability of power supply to consumers in the South Yakutia and Primorsk Regions, including Yakutias large gold mines and the oil pumping station of the ESPO pipeline system, as well as providing energy to APEC summit objects.

Siberia Region:

Power supply reliability for industrial enterprises, including the Sayansky Aluminium Smelter and the Khakassky Aluminium Smelter, as well as for other electricity consumers in Sayanogorsk, the southern regions of Buryatia and North-West Mongolia, significantly increased after the following corporate objects were put into operation:

  • Installation of the capacitor bank at the 500-kV Oznachennoye substation with introduced capacity of 2x104 MVAR;
  • Installation of the capacitor bank at the 500-kV Aluminiyevaya substation with introduced capacity of 3104 MVAR;
  • The 220-kV Selenduma substation. Installed reactive power compensation means (RPCM) 220 MVAR.

Urals Region:

To ensure the capacity output schemes of the Chelyabinskaya TPP-3 and the Sredneuralskaya GRES, the Company put the following objects into operation:

  • Double circuit 220-kV TPP-3 Novometallurgicheskaya high voltage line and reconstruction of the 220-kV Novometallurgicheskaya Kozyrevo high voltage line with launching under voltage of 6.4 kilometers;
  • Reconstructed 220-kV Sredneuralskaya TPP Peschanaya 1 high voltage line and 220-kV Sredneuralskaya GRES Peschanaya 1 high voltage line and 220-kV Srendeuralskaya GRES Kalininskaya high voltage line with launching under voltage of 20 kilometers.

Volga Region:

Introducing the 500/220/35-kV Krasnoarmeyskaya substation with 500, 220-kV high voltage line approaches ensured upgraded power supply reliability for consumers in the Samara Generation System, provided opportunities to connect new consumers in the Novokuibishevsky and Chapaevsky Districts of the Samara Region and lessened the load of the 500-kV Kuibishevskaya substation.

South Region:

In 2010 the Company completed construction of the 110-kV Laura and Rosa Khutor substations, 110-kV substations in the Krasnopoliansky Village District, 10-kV substations and distribution lines for the Rosa Khutor ski resort in the Sochi Region. New objects will supply power to numerous Olympic objects under construction in Krasnaya Polyana the ski complex, freestyle center, mountain lifts, the Psehako mountain tourism center and telecommunication and engineering infrastructure objects designed to service the 2014 Winter Olympics.

For the capacity output of the second power generation unit of the Volgodonskaya NPP (launched 17 March, 2010) were built and put into operation the 500-kV Nevinnomyssk substation with a capacity of 1002 MVA and the 500-kV Volgodonskaya NPP Nevinnomyssk transmission line with a length of 440 kilometers. New energy objects will allow for the distribution of new capacity of the Volgodonskaya NPP to the energy systems of Districts of the North Caucasus Federal Region.

North-West Region:

In 2010 the Company put into operation the 220-kV Prospekt Ispytatelei substation, which will liquidate the acute energy deficit in the Primorsky and Vyborgsky districts of St. Petersburg and will decrease the load on the 220-kV Primorskaya and Poluprovodniki substations. The Company also launched the new 330-kV Tsentralnaya substation in St. Petersburg, which will become the main power feed center for new 110-kV energy objects. Commissioning this object successfully resolved the energy deficit in the historic part of St. Petersburg the Central and Admiralteisky Districts.

Central Region:

In 2010 the actual volume of investment performed by the Company totaled RUR 167,031 million.

The Company concluded reconstruction work at the 500-kV Lipetskaya substation with the goal of upgrading the reliability of power supply to Lipetsk Region consumers. In addition to this, within the broadening of the 500-kV Nizhegorodskaya substation, the Company put into operation a second autoconnected transformer with a capacity of 501 MVA, which increased the substation capacity to 1,002 MVA, thus increasing power supply reliability for consumers in Nizhny Novgorod. This also allowed for the connection of new consumers in the region to electric grids.

Western Siberia Region:

  • Within the framework of the agreement on the technological connection of RosneftOil Company objects, the Company concluded construction and put under operating voltage lines of approach for the 220-kV Magistralnaya Yuzhno-Balykskaya GPKh high voltage line to the 220-kV Sredny Balyk substation located in the Tyumen Region;
  • Within the framework of fulfilling the program to decrease electricity losses, the Company put into operation the operative 500-kV shunt reactor at the 500-kV Nelym substation. The reactor with a capacity of 180 MVAR regulates voltage levels of the 500-kV grid in the southern part of the Tyumen Energy System;
  • In the Tyumen Region, the Company put into operation the 220-kV Tobolskaya TPP Irtysh transmission line to ensure capacity output of the Tobolskaya NPP in a volume of 110 mW into the Tyumen Energy System;
  • As part of the construction of the 220-kV Demyanskaya Snezhnaya transmission line was put into operation an autoconnected transformer with a 125 MVA capacity at the 220-kV Snezhnaya substation.

VOLUMES OF NEW CAPACITY INTRODUCTION DURING 2010-2014

Federal Grid Companys 2010-2014 Investment Program

The basic principles of investment planning activities are forming a five-year development program for the Company, with subsequent annual corrections with a one-year shift in the planning horizon. Corrections are performed taking into account actual financing and the utilization of capital investment for realized projects and adjusting the UNEG development scheme.

On 12 November, 2010, our investment program received a final approval from the Russian Ministry of Energy. The Company transitioned from a three-year to five-year investment program, which is the result of a five-year tariff period for electricity transmission.

The Companys investment program is aimed at developing the UNEG and ensuring its stable operation, as well as upgrading the quality of power supply to consumers.

Investment Program Implementation

Indicator Characteristics Result
Developing the electric capacity market and ensuring competition

Merger of free power transfer zones

Ensuring capacity output for power plants

Withdrawing transmission constraints between 29 established free power ransfer zones (Construction of 25 electric grid objects)

Ensuring capacity output in the amount of 32 GW for generating capacities of 37 power plants (Construction of 5,440 kilometers of transmission lines and substations with a capacity of 9,936 MVA)

Providing technological connection opportunities to consumers Withdrawing transmission constraints Two-fold decrease in closed power supply centers (from 251 to 127)
Energy efficiency Decreasing energy losses A relative decrease in energy losses (from 4.89% as of the end of 2009 to 4.79% as of end of 2010)
Reliability Increasing the reliability of power supply to consumers The actual amount of consumer constraints relative to power supply from the grid in 2010 totaled 0.0013%

For 2010-2014 financing the investment program will total more than RUR952 billion. According to corporate estimates, as a result of this realization, the Company will construct 21,078 kilometers of electricity transmission lines and will put into operation 89,180 MVA of transformer capacity.

The investment program will be financed out of the Companys own funds, federal budget funds (including funds directed at the Federal Target Program for Economic and Social Development of the Russian Far East and Trans-Baikal up to 2013 and the Program for Electric Grid Development in the Sochi Region), as well as out of borrowed funds.

The Company plans to invest RUR624.1 billion or 65.5% of the total financing sum in developing corporate assets; the Company intends to direct RUR313.6 billion or 32.9% of the total investment volume at maintaining assets; the volume of financing for technological connections will be RUR14.7 billion or 1.6 of the total investment sum.

2010 Investment Program Fulfillment

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